Flora & Fauna


Cyanotis tuberosa - Greater Cat Ears, Kaas (20111001)
Greater Cat Ears (Cyanotis Tuberosa) :This stocky, succulent herb is seen among the rocks in gravelly or sandy soil. Grows on the plains in scub forest, but prefers hills up to 800 m. Roots are used for traditional medicines. Flowering: August – September.



Glory Lily (Gloriosa Superba) :Annual climber with leaf tips extending into tendrils. Seen in well-wooded regions up to 500 m on the hills. Flowers change colour. Used in traditional medicines. Flowering: August – September.


Common Leucas (Leucas Aspera) :An erect, slender, fragrant annual, which grows gregariously, and is seen commonly in harvested fields and on roadsides. Bees pollinate the flowers. Leaves are used in traditional medicine. Used as pot herb. Flowering: July – November.



4dCommon Lantana (Lantana Camara) :Widespread invader, this plant has taken over large tracts of land. A scrambling, evergreen, strong smelling shrub with stout re-curved prickles. Flowers attract butterflies and moths. Used in traditional medicine. Flowering: January – December.


images (1)Blood Flower (Asclepias Curassavica) :A garden escape, which has successfully naturalised in India. Seen along moist places, more common on hills. Food plant of the Plain Tiger butterfly. Flowers attract butterflies. Flowering : January-December.


images (2)Blue Fountain Bush (ClerodendrumSerratum) :Prefers hilly forested terrain up to 1,600 m, where it occurs as small or large shrubs. Flowers attract butterflies. Roots and leaves are used in traditional medicine. Flowers eaten locally as vegetable. Flowering: August – September.




44Blue Dawn Glory (Ipomoea Nil) :A hairy, annual twiner seen commonly during the latter half of the monsoon along roads and hedges. Flowers open around sunrise and fade before 10 am. Seeds are used in traditional medicine. Flowering: August-December.


images (3)Railway Glory (Ipomoea Cairica) :Extensively spreading, perennial climbing vine with tuderous roots. Seen on fences and over shrubs and trees, which it covers aggressively. White flowers are also seen. Commonly planted in gardens and around houses for insulation against summer heat. Flowering: January- December.



Goat Weed (Ageratum Conyzoides) :Annual, intruder in gardens and orchards, common name from its goat-like odour. Flower-heads may be pale blue. Flowering : January-December.




images (4)Butterfly Bean (ClitoriaTernatea) :A slender vine commonly seen on wayside hedges, thickets, hills and scrub forest. Often cultivated in gardens. Flowers are occasionally white. Roods and seeds are used in traditional medicine. Flowering : June – January.




9Common Purple Mallow (UrenaLobata) :An erect perennial, with angled, lobed and toothed leaves. Seen along roadsides on the hills. Seed capsule covered with bristles, which catch on to animal fur to help in seed dispersal. Cultivated for termite-and water-resistant fibre used in making fishing line, rope and binding cord. Roots and flowers used in traditional medicine. Flowering : January-December.



images (5)Candle Cassia (Cassia Alata) :A robust shrub, planted in gardens and backyards for decorative and medicinal purposes, seen frequently near roadsides and along watercourses. Flowers lack nectar. Caterpillars of Emigrant butterflies feed on this plant. Leaves are used in traditional medicine. Flowering : October-June.



10Jamaican Bluespike (StachytarphetaJamaicensis) :
Gregarious and common along stream banks, roadsides and degraded habitats. Prefers forests on the plains and on hills up to 1400 m. Flowers are very attractive to butterflies. Flowering : October-April.




12Bearded Commelina (CommelinaForskalaei) :A slender branching herb, more common in drier regions. Grows erect in gregarious, sheltered situations. It roots at nodes and produces several underground flowers on leafless basal branches. Spathes having long spreading hairs, give its common name. Flowering : August-November.


11Malabar Whistling Thrush (MyophonusHorsfieldii) :Resident of Hills of west India. Adult blackish, with blue forehead and shoulders.. Rocky hill streams in forest and well-wooded areas are were mostly found.




12Hill Myna (GraculaReligiosa) :- Resident of Himalayan foothills, hills of India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Large myna with yellow wattles, large orange to yellow bill and white wing patches. Found in Moist forest and plantation areas.




Greater Flameback(Woodpecker) (ChrysocolaptesLucidus) :-Resident of Himalayas, hills of India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. White or black-and-white spotted hind-neck and upper mantle, large size and long bill.




14Yellow-Browed Bulbul (IoleIndica) :- Resident of Western Ghats and Sri Lanka. Found in Moist forest and secondary growth areas





15Blyth’s Reed Warbler (AcrocephalusDumetorum) :- Widespread winter visitor and passage migrant. Found at Bushes and trees at edges of forest, cultivation and in wooded areas.





16Grey-Headed Canary Flycatcher (CulicicapaCeylonensis) :-Resident. Breeds in Himalayas, hills of India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka; winters in Himalayan foothills, and plains in Pakistan and E and north-east India. Grey head and breast yellow rest of underparts and greenish upperparts. Found in Forest and wooded areas.




17Nilgiri Flycatcher (EumyiasAlbicaudata) :- Resident. Western Ghats. White on tail-base and diffuse whitish frings to blue-grey undertail-coverts. Male indigo-blue, with blue-grey belly, black lores and bright blue forehead and supercilium. Female blue-grey paler on underparts. Found in Evergreen biotope in hills.




18White-Cheeked Barbet (MegalaimaViridis) :- Resident. Western Ghats and hills of Tamilnadu. Brownish bill. White supercilium and cheeks contrasting with brown crown and nape. Whitish throat, and bold white streaking on breast. Found in Wooded areas, gardens, groves.




Indian Scimitar Babbler (PomatorhinusHorsfieldii) :- Resident. Hills of peninsular India, Sri Lanka. Yellow bill, whtesupercilium. Breast sides and flanks grey to blackish in peninsular India. Found in Forest and secondary growth.




20House Swift (Apus Affinis) :- Widespread resident; unrecorded in parts of northwest. Stocky shape and comparatively short wings. Tail has sqaure end or slight fork. White rump.





21Greater Coucal (CentropusSinensis) :-Wdespread resident. Larger than Lesser, with brighter amd more uniform chestnut wings, and black underwing-coverts. Juvenile is heavily barred. Tall grassland, scrub and groves.




22Hoopoe (UpupaEpops) :- Summer visitor to far north; resident and winter to much of rest of subcontinent. Rufous-orange or orange-buff, with black-and-white wings and tail and black-tipped fan-like crest. Open country, cultivation and villages.





Male Crimson Rose :A very striking, large, black and crimson swallowtail with a wingspan of 85-115 mm. The body is bright crimson and velvety black, a warning coloration advertising predators of its distastefulness, Thesecolour combinations have evolved over time to instruct predators of their un palatability.




32Male Common Rose :A large swallowtail butterfly with a wingspan of 80-95 mm. Sexes alike, but the males are smaller with narrower wings and less white on the forewing. The upper sides and undersides of both sexes are black.




33Common Crow :The Common Crow (Euploea Core) is a common butterfly found in South Asia. In India it is also sometimes referred to as the Common Indian Crow, and in Australia as the Australian CrowThe Common Crow is the most common representative of its genus Euploea. Accordingly, this species has been studied in greater detail than other members of its genus in India.




34Danaid Egg Fly:Upperside rich velvety dark brownish black. Fore wing: a broad oval oblique white spot from below vein 3 to vein 7, and a preapical smaller similar white spot; both spots crossed by black veins and surrounded by iridescent blue. Hind wing with a much larger similar rounded white spot, surrounded with iridescent blue, but the veins crossing it yellowish, not so prominent as on the fore wing



35Plain Tiger :The Plain Tiger is a medium sized butterfly with a wingspan of about 7-8 cm. The body is black with many white spots. The wings are tawny the upper side being brighter and richer than the underside




36Blue Tiger :Closely resembles Tirumala limniace, Cramer, but is always sufficiently distinct to be easily recognized, even on the wing. From T. limniace it differs on the upperside in the ground-colour being darker and the semihyaline markings narrower, more distinct, and of a bluer tint, In the fore wing, in interspace 1 the two streaks are narrower, never coalescent, the upper one forming an oval detached spot; the short streaks above vein 5 are outwardly never truncate, always acute.



37Common Grass Yellow :The Large- or Common Grass Yellow (Euremahecabe) is a small pierid butterfly species found in Asia. They are found flying close to the ground and are found in open grass and scrub habitats. It is simply known as “the grass yellow” in parts of its range




38Lime Butterfly :The Common Lime or the Lemon Butterfly (PapilioDemoleus) is a common and widespread Swallowtail butterfly. It gets its name from its host plants which are usually citrus species such as the lime. It is also sometimes called the Chequered Swallowtail.




39Tawny Coster :The Tawny Coster (Acraea Terpsicore) is a small leathery winged butterfly which is common in grassland and scrub habitats. It belongs to the Nymphalidae or brush-footed butterfly family. It has a weak fluttery flight. It is avoided by most insect predators.




40Pioneer :The Pioneer, also known as Caper White (AnaphaeisAurota), is a migrant butterfly found in Kerala and throughout India except for Assam and other eastern states. The upper side of the butterfly is pure white with black apex in the forewings and black outer margins in both wings. Wingspan is 50-60 mm


41Azadirachtaindica – Neem




42Mangiferaindica – Mango





43Cedrusdeodara – Deodar





441Dalbergiasissoo – Indian rose wood






Malus Genus – All Species- Apple





47Prunus Genus – Subgenus Prunus- Apricot, Plum




48Callistemon Genus – Bottle brush





49Citrus Genus-citrus tress





50Artocarpus – Mulberry





51Brachylaena Genus- Silver oak





52Tectona- Teak